Tree Detail

Betula occidentalis


Birch, Rocky Mountain or Water

Betula occidentalis   

Category: deciduous tree   Size: small

Mature Size: 15' x 10'

Zone: Down to 3   Growth Rate:

Foliage: Ovate leaves 2" long.

Elevation (if known): 5,000 to 9,000'

Water: Moderate. Perfers moist areas.

Soil : Coarse, rocky soils


Comments: Shrubby; often grown as shrub with multiple stems. Bark is shiny chestnut colored. In the wild, often found with willows and cottonwoods in riparian areas. Dense root system. Good for streambank stabilization. Can be trained to be single stemmed for street tree.

Warnings: Requires magnesium and calcium.

Alamosa Tree Board Recommended? yes

Street Tree? yes   Street Tree Conditions:

CO/NM native? yes   Native to: W North America

Known Locations:

Information Sources: Alamosa Tree Board; Sunset Western Garden Book