Arbor Week And Tips From Pruning Workshop
Alamosa will celebrate Arbor Week, May 1 to May 7. The Tree Board and Department of Parks will plant 16 trees in seven City Parks and we would appreciate your help. Monday 11 am will find us at Diamond Park planting a Shade-Master Honeylocust and a Narrowleaf Cottonwood. Tuesday at 3:30 pm we’ll plant a Hackberry and Lanceleaf Cottonwood in Jardin Hermosa.
Four trees are slated for planting in the northern end of Cole Park on Wednesday at 11 am: 1 each Hackberry, Shade-Master Honeylocust, Lanceleaf Cottonwood, and Narrowleaf Cottonwood.
We also have trees for Zapata, Boyd, Olympian, and Friends Parks. The full schedule will be posted in the Valley Courier and online at AlamosaTrees.net. The city crew will deliver the trees, dig the holes, and provide mulch. We’ll plant the trees according to Colorado Tree Coalition standards and there will be handouts describing the trees.
Those of you who follow this column may recall the plan to beautify Sixth Street during Arbor Week. The project has grown and will include a winding sidewalk on the south side of Sixth between State and Ross Streets. Since it makes sense to install the sidewalk before planting the trees, the grant-funded planting has been postponed.
Pruning Workshop Tips: Vince Urbina, Colorado Forester, presented an informative, interactive, and enjoyable workshop last week. There’s already a waiting list for a possible pruning workshop next spring – maybe in Monte Vista. In this column I’ll highlight my favorite tips for pruning shade trees.
- 1. Prune safely. Urbina pruned from the ground during this workshop and limits himself to using his trusty 10-ft ladder at home in Grand Junction. For larger trees, he says to hire a professional.
- 2. Right now is a good time for structural pruning. Before trees leaf out, you can better see the tree structure. It’s fine to prune in the summer after trees are in full leaf, however.
- 3. Prune young trees only after they are established. Other than pruning deadwood or broken branches, Urbina says to prune once trees are established. A foot of so of new growth indicates a tree is established.
- 4. Branches within 8 ft of the ground are temporary. These branches help the tree get off to a good start but are typically pruned as the tree matures. Many cities have ordinances requiring trees to be trimmed 8 ft over sidewalks and 13 ½ feet over streets. Sadly, Alamosa still has no such ordinance. I believe such an ordinance is prudent for safety. Let me know what you think!
- 5. Establish a leader. Most shade trees do best with a single leader (crab apples and most locusts are exceptions). It’s a good idea to purchase a tree with a straight trunk whose top is higher than other branches. If your tree has codominate leaders, choose the most vigorous and remove the other.
- 6. NEVER, never, remove more than 25% of the tree canopy in one year. Removing more will undermine the trees vigor. As one participant said, “Once you get going, you want to cut more and more!” Urbina piles up trimmed branches near the tree so he can keep a critical eye on how much has been trimmed.
- 7. Use good quality pruning tools. Urbina uses by-pass pruners and a saw. By-pass pruners work like scissors having 2 cutting edges. He has only had two pair in his whole career – and he gave away the first pair. He keeps the blade sharpened using diamond-embedded stones which fit easily into a pocket. Anvil pruners are not recommended as they have one cutting edge and smash the branch against the opposing non-cutting side.
He uses a pruning saw – one of those that folds up. He also had a “silky saw” that doesn’t fold, but amazed people who tried it out. It made cutting a branch almost seem like cutting through butter.
- Remove water sprouts. Water sprouts are the weak branches that grow perpendicular to the ground. These are often the result of topping or over-pruning a tree. In the urban landscape this means more work in the future since the sprouts should come off. Urbina trims these in the summer.
- Pruning is tree maintenance. Set up a 5-10 year maintenance cycle. Often people wait until a tree is very large before pruning. This is generally harder on the tree and more costly to the owner. Selecting good healthy tree stock and properly maintaining in the early years of a tree’s life can significantly reduce middle age problems and expense.
Future columns will discuss more pruning information. Meanwhile check out the following websites. www.TreesAreGood.com/treecare, www.ext.colostate.edu, and www.coloradotrees.org.
“More Trees, Please!” Slogan on International Society of Arboriculture t-shirt.